Jesus was in Gethsemane between 9 pm and midnight on Thursday night. The arrest took place after this. Then the trial was between 3 am and 6 am Friday morning.
The death of Jesus on the Cross is the most crucial focal point in history. Eternal salvation was secured for man in the death of Jesus upon the Cross. Because Jesus died, man can live forevermore. Therefore, the events of the Cross are all important. They hold lesson after lesson for the person who seeks the truth of Godâ€™s Son.
Jesus was crucified at 9 am (the third hour), and darkness swept the land from 12 noon until 3 pm (the sixth hour to the ninth hour). During the course of events Jesus uttered seven sayings from the cross:
Father, forgive them . . . (Luke 23:34)
This day you will be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43)
Woman, behold your son . . (John 19:26-27)
My God, my God . . . (Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34)
I thirst. (John 19:28)
It is finished! (John 19:30)
Father into your hands . . . (Luke 23:46)
Around 2 pm God the Father could not stand to look upon the hideous sight of Jesus on the Cross, bearing all the sins of the world. The Father turned from His only Son . . . the first and only time that ever occurred. Jesus felt the agony of separation from His Father and responded, â€œMy God, why hast thou forsaken me?â€
Around 3 pm He said, â€œIt is finished!â€ Notice that He did not say, â€œI am finished.â€ It was His mission that was finished as He took on Himself the wrath and judgment of all menâ€™s sins. Jesus said, â€œFather into thy hands I commend my spiritâ€ and the ordeal was over. The world had a Savior .
Why did all this happen? Every step Jesus took in His earthly life was leading Him to the place the Hebrews called â€œGolgothaâ€ and the Romans called â€œCalvaryâ€. It was known to all as â€œThe Place of the Skullâ€. All through the Gospels, Jesus had said this was His destiny (Matt. 16:21; 17:22-23; 20:28; 26:2). The very morning of His death, He told Pontius Pilate that Calvary was the place He was going, â€œTo this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world . . .â€ John 18:37. He came to set men free from the penalty of sin. Jesus secured a choice for us. We can live with the penalty of sin and be forever separated from God the Father . . . or we can choose to accept what Jesus did on the cross as full payment for our sin debt and experience an eternal relationship with the Creator of the universe.
So what was going on with the disciples during all of this? All their hopes and dreams were gone. Hope deferred makes the heart sick (Proverbs 13:12). When all is failing and every ounce of hope is gone, there is an empty, sick feeling that takes over. The emotional well being of every person runs on an adequate amount of hope.
The disciples waited through the night hours and watched during the day. They thought that Jesus would do something. Hope was being depleted with every waiting minute as they saw the very life drain out of Jesus. They sought to understand and they invented a thousand ways this was going to be answered and rectified. They just knew that some great thing was going to happen to stop all this. But eventually all hope was gone.
This sounds a lot like when we are asked to wait, wait, and wait. Hope diminishes, despair sets in, and ultimately, we utter these words, â€œGod where are you?â€ Just as the disciples didnâ€™t believe that Sunday was coming and all would be rectified, we fail to factor in Godâ€™s plan that He is working all things for our good in His time. â€œBut these things I plan wonâ€™t happen right away. Slowly, steadily, surely, the time approaches when the vision will be fulfilled. If it seems slow, wait patiently, for it will surely take place. It will not be delayed.â€ (Habakkuk 2:3)